LORD JESUS, HAVE MERCY ON ME A SINNER

 

AN ANCIENT CHURCH STILL TEACHING THE ANCIENT

TRUTH AND LIVING OUT THE ANCIENT FAITH

____________________________________________________

 

 

THE GUIDING PRINCIPAL OF CELTIC ORTHODOXY

Thus says the Lord, “Stand by the ways and see and ask for the ancient

Paths, where the good way is, and walk in it; and you will find rest for your souls.

But they said, “We will not walk in it” (Jeremiah 6:16)

___________________________________________________

 

 The Celtic Orthodox Church is

so Ancient it demands respect

is so Traditional it is refreshing

and so Conservative it is reassuring.

 

HOLY TRINITY CELTIC ORTHODOX CHURCH

A MONASTIC COMMUNITY OF THE

CELTIC ORTHODOX BENEDICTINE FATHERS

1703 MACOMBER ST., TOLEDO, OHIO 43606

PHONE 419.206.2190 / E-MAIL amdg@bex.net

_________________________________________________

   

THE CELTS ARE ISRAELITES UNDER ANOTHER NAME

 

The word Celt is the Anglicized form of the Greek word Keltoi, which

means “the people who are different.” In Scripture, all nations, except

the Twelve Tribes of Israel, are referred to as Gentiles (Foreigners),

so the only people who are different are Israel. The word Celt is

therefore another word for Israelite. The Celts are part of the Ten

lost” Tribes of Israel; as are the Tuatha de Danaan and Milesians. The

Irish people are a mixture of Celts; Danaans; Milesians; Judah/Zarahites

(of the “Red Hand” – Genesis 38:28-30); (Dan-ish) Vikings and Norsemen

and are all racially cousins.

 

THE CELTS, ACCORDING TO GOD, ARE ISRAELITES.

 

The word British is not English; it is Hebrew.

Brit (Berit) means Covenant in Hebrew and Welsh

Ish means man or people of, in Hebrew and English

Therefore British means The People of The Covenant,

in other words, the People Israel of The Covenant.

 

However, the Celtish / Irish people are Israelites descended from

Jacob/Israel’s fifth of his twelve sons, who was called Dan and fathered

the Tuatha de Danaan – the Tribe of Dan (the Irish and Danish).

Therefore the Irish people are Celtish / British-Israelites by birth

i.e. People of The Covenant in the Torah in the Bible and in The Ark,

which is buried at Tara.

__________________________________________

 

THE DAILY SACRIFICE OF THE MASS AND THE DAILY

PRAYING OF SCRIPTURE TOGETHER FORM THE TWIN PILLARS

UPON WHICH REST OUR HOPE FOR SALVATION.

****

THE PATER NOSTER PSALTER IS THE OLDEST

PRIVATE DEVOTIONAL AND ADDRESSES THE FATHER,

THROUGH THE SON BY THE ACTION OF THE HOLY SPIRIT

 

 GIVE GOD YOUR TIME – GOD WILL GIVE YOU HIS ETERNITY

 

The Pater Noster Psalter dates back to Apostolic times and made popular in 5th Century Germany. Making Pater Noster Beads became a cottage industry in Germany due to the popularity of the prayer. The Marian Rosary was developed from the format of the Pater Noster Psalter.  Including the Station of the Cross for the “mysteries” was not part of the original Pater Noster Psalter, being a unique contribution from Celtic Orthodoxy from the Celtic Orthodox Monastery in Bobbio, Italy in around the 13th Century. The Monastery of Bobbio was a Monastery of Celtic Orthodox Monks and established by St. Columbanus in 614. The Celtic Orthodox Monastery at Bobbio, Italy was forced to close in 1809 by French occupying forces. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________

The Pater Noster Psalter begins with an Act of contrition for sin prayed on the Crucifix. 

 

ACT OF CONTRITION

 

O my God, I am heartily sorry for ever having offended you, and I detest all my sins because they have offended you my God who are all good and deserving of my love. I resolve with the help of your grace to sin no more and avoid all occasions of sin.    

 

The Pater Noster Psalter comprises 15 Decades of 10 Our Father’s, for a total of 150

Our Father’s.  Any prayer beads can be used.  The 15 Decade Prayer beads or a five

Decade Prayer beads are most common. Although the actual Pater Noster beads are unique

in that they have little crosses to divide the decades.

 

On the first ‘cross’ bead immediately after the larger Cross and on every other cross bead that separates the grouping of 10 beads is prayed:

 

Eternal Father, almighty and ever living God; God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob; God and Father of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ, we offer to you Father of mercy the Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of your divine Son present in this mystery as a prayer of praise and thanksgiving, adoration and reparation and for my special petition which by faith I have already received from your bounty through Christ our Lord.  United with the intercession and ministry, gifts and graces, faith and merits of your Divine Son I pray in the words our Savior taught us.

 

This prayer is repeated before each set of 10 Our Fathers for all 15 Decades.  The Mysteries (Stations) for each Decade are as follows: 

1.    Jesus is condemned to death.

2.    Jesus is made to bear His Cross.

3.    Jesus falls the first time.

4.    Jesus meets His afflicted Mother.

5.    Simon Cyrene helps Jesus to carry His Cross.

6.    Veronica wipes the face of Jesus.

7.    Jesus falls the second time.

8.    Jesus speaks to the women of Jerusalem.

9.    Jesus falls the third time.

10.  Jesus is stripped of His garments.

11.  Jesus is nailed to the Cross.

12.  Jesus dies on the Cross.

13.  Jesus is taken down from the Cross.

14.  Jesus is buried in the sepulcher.

15.  The Resurrection.

 

At the end of each decade is prayed, “O Hail Mother of God and Virgin; Mary full of grace, the Lord is with thee, blessed art thou among women and Blessed is the fruit of thy womb, for you gave birth to the Savior of my soul”.  After which is prayed “Holy God, + Mighty God, God immortal have mercy on me. One is Holy, + One is the Lord, + Jesus Christ, to the glory of god the father”. (The + sign indicates where you make the sign of the Cross) The Stations of the Cross (Mysteries) were codified by Francis of Assisi while he was in residence at the Celtic Orthodox Monastery at Bobbio, Italy. Feel free to substitute any other mysteries that speak to your faith.  The use of the Stations of the Cross is most common, but not mandated.

 

This dates back to the early church and was as big in the middle ages as the Marian Rosary is today among Catholics.  The Marian Rosary was modeled after the Pater Noster Psalter. 

 

The Pater Noster Psalter dates back to at least the first Century and had become popular by the 5th Century, especially in Germany.   In Germany a cottage industry was developed to manufacture “Pater Noster Beads”.  These beads were often of precious stones but today it is mainly wood.    

 

The Pater Noster Psalter is designed to be prayed in three intervals of 50 Our Father’s each.

Most commonly it is prayed 5 decades in the morning, 5 decades at noon and 5 decades in the evening.

 

PICTURE OF THE PATER NOSTER BEADS

http://www.celticorthodoxchurch.com/pater_noster_beads.jpg

 

 

PRAYERS OF THE PATER NOSTER PSALTER

 

Sign of the Cross

In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.

 

Our Father

Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name; thy kingdom come; thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven.  Give us this day our daily bread; and forgive us our trespasses; as we forgive those who trespass against us; and lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. Amen.

 

The other prayers as noted above.

 

THE MEANING OF THE “OUR FATHER”

BY ARCHBISHOP FULTON J. SHEEN

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rSSchaLv0P4

 

 

THE PATER NOSTER BEADS ARE MORE COMMONLY CALLED THE CHOTKI. THE TERM

 PATER NOSTER BEADS MEANS THE CHOTKI USED FOR THE PATER NOSTER PSALTER

 

THE USE OF THE CHOTKI IN THE CELTIC ORTHODOX CHURCH

Bishop Brian J. Kennedy, O.S.B.

 

The prayer rope (chotki) may also be made of wooden beads, and is worn by all Celtic Orthodox Clergy and many or most other Orthodox Monastic’s in other Jurisdictions of the larger Church Catholic.

 

It originated in the monastic world as a tool to facilitate the prayer life and spirituality of the Monk.  It finds its genesis in the love for the prayer our Savior taught us, the “Our Father”. The Chotki is also, in Celtic Orthodoxy, known as the Pater Noster Beads.  It was simply a method to keep track of the 150 “Our Fathers” in the Pater Noster Psalter. The Chotki found an expanded usage in praying the “Jesus Prayer” and the Orthodox Marian Rosary.  People saw the Monks praying all 150 Psalms daily and in emulation of this pious practice started praying the 150 Our Fathers daily.  In the beginning, farm workers and laborers would place 10 pebbles in their pants pocket and transfer one bead to the other pocket for each Our Father they prayed.  This practice gave birth to the Chotki.

 

The purpose of the monastic exercise of wearing the Chotki on their belt and black cassock is to train the mind to pray without ceasing in response to the commandment given by the Apostle Paul in 1 Thessalonians 5:16-18 which is echoed in the New Testament writings of Matthew 9:27, Matthew 15:22, Matthew 17:15, Matthew 20:30, Matthew 20:31, Mark 10:47, Mark 10:48, Luke 16:24, Luke 17:13, Luke 18:38, Luke 18:39, Romans 9:15, Romans 11:30, Romans 11:32, 1 Corinthians 7:25, Philippians 2:27, 1 Peter 2:10.

 

The training and discipline of the mind is important in Celtic Orthodoxy. The mind was to become so conditioned through this spiritual discipline that no matter what the person was doing the mind would learn to automatically, and without conscious thinking, pray the Our Father as taught to us by Jesus.

Even subconsciously when the person was asleep, the Our Father would be on their mind and in their heart and prayed in their mind.  The simple wearing of the Chotki, with faith, can be a good defense against the forces of evil that would destroy our soul by leading us into sin.

 

The Chotki (prayer rope or beads) developed during the first four centuries of Christianity into a practice not just done by the monastic community, but also by lay people who wanted to lead a life that would emulate the spiritual example of their Priests and bring them closer to God in the hope of salvation. The Chotki is the precursor to the modern day Rosary that the Roman Catholic Church implemented as a prayer rule for their Roman Catholic faithful after the Great Schism when the Vatican broke the peace and unity of the undivided church catholic in 1054 AD.

 

The Chotki is fitted with a Cross which is tied with a tassel. The tassel has its basis as being something to wipe away the “tears of sorrow” of the penitent as he/she prays the decades of the Our Father prayer.

 

The beads or knots are tied together of Lamb’s wool yarn.  This comes from the Orthodox tradition designed to remind the penitent that Jesus is the Lamb of God.  The Chotki Prayer Rope or beads are plain and not decorated to reflect the contrition of the person and to remind the person to be humble before the Lord. It is a perfect adjunct to the black cassock worn by Orthodox Monastics, to reflect the monastic view of being dead to the secular world and in mourning for the individual sins of the Monk and also for the sins of the whole world.

 

Lay people in the Celtic Orthodox tradition often elect to incorporate the Chotki into their secular clothing by wearing the Chotki on their belt, tucked into their pants pockets as an expression of dependency on Jesus and our Heavenly Father.  By uniting with Jesus in this wise, we in a more God pleasing fashion, render praise to Jesus and through Jesus render praise to our Heavenly Father.

 

PICTURE OF THE CHOTKI

http://www.celticorthodoxchurch.com/chotki.jpg

 

“THE MASS AND THE DAILY READING AND PRAYING OF SCRIPTURE

ARE THE TWIN PILLARS UPON WHICH REST OUR HOPE FOR SALVATION”

 

    Our Lord assured his disciples that he had come, not to destroy, but to fulfill,

the Law. It is not surprising, therefore, to find the earliest Christians,

notably the Apostles, conforming to the traditional customs of worship of

the old Covenant: keeping the Passover, or going up to the Temple to pray

at the appointed "Hours of Prayer," or keeping those hours as times of private devotion.

________________________________________________________________

  

Likewise, we find St. Paul, wherever he might be, seeking out the local synagogue on the Sabbath, taking part in its worship and availing himself of its opportunities for teaching. At the same time we find Christians keeping strictly Christian observances, notably the First Day of the Week, with its Eucharistic Breaking of Bread as the distinctive act of worship. Even when the Church had overflowed the bounds of Judaism and was overwhelmingly Gentile in its membership, there was a survival of devotional practices of Jewish origin. Chief among these was the observance of the daily praying of the Psalms and the daily prayer and study of the Scriptures.  The practice of daily reading and praying the Scriptures became part

of the faith as once delivered to the saints as it had been part of the practice of the Jewish people during the life of Christ and the Apostles. This Lectio Divina emulates the worship of the Temple in the time of Christ.

______________________________________________________________

 

 Lectio Divina of the Prophet Daniel

 

 

 TO DAILY PRAY THE PSALMS AND SCRIPTURE

___________________________________________

 

 TO PRAY AS DID THE EARLY CHURCH

 

“YOU ARE MISTAKEN, NOT KNOWING THE

 

SCRIPTURES NOR THE POWER OF GOD”

 

(Jesus Christ reported in Matthew 22:29)

 

+++

 

THE LECTIO DIVINA OF THE PROPHET DANIEL

 

IS A GIFT FROM THE ANCIENTS TO US TODAY

 

AND OUR LEGACY TO A GENERATION NOT YET BORN

 

________________________________________________

 

 Daniel 6:10

 

Now, when Daniel knew this, that is to say, that the law was made,

 

he went into his house: and opening the windows in his upper chamber

 

towards Jerusalem, he knelt down three times a day, and adored and

 

gave thanks before his God, as he had been accustomed to do before.

 

The Lectio Divina of the Prophet Daniel is designed to be prayed

 

three times a day.  Three Chapters from Scripture with the

 

attendant Psalm is prayed in the morning, one at

 

mid-day and three at evening time. The practice of reading and

 

praying the Scriptures three times a day was a firmly established

 

practice in the Jewish community before and during the life of Christ.

 

To this day, the Orthodox Jews continue to pray three

 

times a day.  This practice, evidenced by the

 

Prophet Daniel continues in the Celtic Orthodox Church today.

 

CHRIST AND THE APOSTLES PRAYED THE

PSALMS AND SCRIPTURE THREE TIMES A DAY

 

The first coincided with the morning sacrifice, at the 3rd hour of

 

the morning, at 9 A.M.  The second was at the 6th

 

hour, or at noon, and coincided with the thanksgiving for the

 

chief meal of the day.  The 3rd hour of prayer coincided

 

with the evening sacrifice, at the ninth hour (3:00 P.M.)

 

“Evening, and morning, and at noon, will I pray, and cry aloud, and he

 

shall hear my voice.” Psalm 54:18

 

“Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went into his

 

house; and his windows being open in his chamber toward Jerusalem, he

 

kneeled upon his knees three times a day, and prayed, and gave thanks

 

before his God, as he had done before.”

 

 

DANIEL PRAYED THE SCRIPTURES AND PSALMS THREE TIMES A DAY

  

“In the first year of his reign, I, Daniel, understood from the

 

Scriptures, according to the word of the LORD given to Jeremiah the

 

prophet, that the desolation of Jerusalem would last seventy years.”

(Daniel 9:2)

 

THIS OLD TESTAMENT PRACTICE WAS CARRIED

ON BY THE APOSTLES AND THE EARLY CHURCH

 

Acts 3:1

 

Now Peter and John went up into the temple at the ninth hour of prayer.

 

Acts 10: 3

 

This man saw in a vision manifestly, about the ninth hour of the

 

day, an angel of God coming in unto him and saying to him: Cornelius.

 

Acts 10:9

 

And on the next day, whilst they were going on their journey and

 

drawing nigh to the city, Peter went up to the higher parts of the

 

house to pray, about the sixth hour.

 

Acts 10:30

 

And Cornelius said: Four days ago, unto this hour, I was praying in

 

my house, at the ninth hour and behold a man stood before me in

 

white apparel and said:

 

THE PRACTICE OF PRAYING AT THE

 

3RD , 6TH , AND 9TH  HOURS LIVES ON IN

 

THE CHURCH AS THE LECTIO DIVINA

 

THAT IS PRAYED THREE TIMES A DAY.

 

THREE CHAPTERS IN THE MORNING,

 

ONE CHAPTER IN THE AFTERNOON

 

AND THREE CHAPTERS IN THE EVENING.

 

THE DAILY STUDY AND PRAYER OF SCRIPTURE IS PART

OF THE FAITH AS ONCE DELIVERED TO THE SAINTS

(Bishop Brian J. Kennedy, O.S.B.)

 

“IGNORANCE OF SCRIPTURE IS IGNORANCE OF JESUS CHRIST

(Saint Jerome) 

 

Soul saving repentance is not possible apart from praying the

Scriptures, as the Scriptures in a unique way convict us of sin. Through

the Scriptures, the Holy Spirit speaks to our heart, soul and mind of

the need for repentance and through the Word of God blesses us with the

grace of conversion leading to salvation in Christ.

 

Without the Scriptures it is impossible to know Jesus or understand the

power of God.

 

The Spirit in the words of Scriptures reverberates in the heart creating

a closer union with Christ and through Christ with the Father.  This

“Synergy with the Father in Christ” is the product of the Holy Spirit

and can only come to fruition through the abiding presence of the Word

of God.

 

Christ continues to bring the love of the Father to His people and

reveal His own love for us from the Tabernacle on the Altar. Christ

continues to be our Savior, our Redeemer, our life, our sweetness and

our hope. From the Tabernacle on the Altar Christ ALONE remains the gate

of Heaven, the SOLE arbiter and dispenser of all God’s Graces and gifts;

The Mediator of all graces. We are healed by the Sacred Wounds of

Christ, we are redeemed by His Precious Blood and we are made clean by

His spoken word.  It is impossible to be sealed in the Blood of the Lamb

without also experiencing the spoken Word of God by which we are made

clean. (John 15:3)

 

St. Benedict calls the disciple to the school of the Gospel: “Let us

walk in the paths of the Lord by the guidance of the Gospel” (R Prol).

By these words the Father of monks expresses his intention to estab­lish

a life patterned after the Gospel. This is the only true foundation on

which a community rests. St. Benedict was well aware that his work

represented an embodiment of the Gospel.  St.  Benedict called praying

the Scriptures the “OPUS DEI”, which is Latin for “WORK OF GOD.”

 

THE DAILY MASS AND THE DAILY PRAYER AND STUDY

OF SCRIPTURE ARE THE TWIN PILLARS UPON WHICH

REST OUR HOPE FOR SALVATION

(Bishop Brian J. Kennedy, O.S.B.)

_____________________________

 

THE CELTS ARE ISRAELITES UNDER ANOTHER NAME

 

The word Celt is the Anglicized form of the Greek word Keltoi, which

means “the people who are different.” In Scripture, all nations, except

the Twelve Tribes of Israel, are referred to as Gentiles (Foreigners),

so the only people who are different are Israel. The word Celt is

therefore another word for Israelite. The Celts are part of the Ten

lost” Tribes of Israel; as are the Tuatha de Danaan and Milesians. The

Irish people are a mixture of Celts; Danaans; Milesians; Judah/Zarahites

(of the “Red Hand” – Genesis 38:28-30); (Dan-ish) Vikings and Norsemen

and are all racially cousins.

 

THE CELTS, ACCORDING TO GOD, ARE ISRAELITES.

 

The word British is not English; it is Hebrew.

Brit (Berit) means Covenant in Hebrew and Welsh

Ish means man or people of, in Hebrew and English

Therefore British means The People of The Covenant,

in other words, the People Israel of The Covenant.

 

However, the Celtish / Irish people are Israelites descended from

Jacob/Israel’s fifth of his twelve sons, who was called Dan and fathered

the Tuatha de Danaan – the Tribe of Dan (the Irish and Danish).

Therefore the Irish people are Celtish / British-Israelites by birth

i.e. People of The Covenant in the Torah in the Bible and in The Ark,

which is buried at Tara.

 

___________________________________________________________

 

THE NUMBERING OF THE PSALMS ARE ACCORDING TO

THE DOUAY-CONFRATERNITY OLD TESTAMENT

 

Preface

 

The Celtic Orthodox Lectio Divina opens with the “Songs of Ascent. The

Songs of Ascent appear in Hebrew and English on the wall at the entrance

to the City of David, Jerusalem, Israel.

 

Songs of Ascent is a title given to text Psalm 119 – 133.  Each psalm

starts with the ascription Shir Hama’aloth (Hebrew: שירהמעלות, meaning

“Song of Ascent”). They are also variously called Gradual Psalms, Songs

of Degrees, Songs of Steps or Pilgrim Songs.

 

The worshippers sang these psalms as they ascended up the road to

Jerusalem to attend the three pilgrim festivals (Deuteronomy 16:16) or

by the kohanim (priests) as they ascended the fifteen steps to minister

at the Temple in Jerusalem.

 

Each Psalm ends with a repetition of the first line of the Psalm followed immediately by “Holy God, + Mighty God, + God Immortal + have mercy on me. One is holy + one is the Lord, + Jesus Christ, to the glory of the Father.” (the + indicates you make the sign of the Cross) 

 

After praying the Psalms of Ascent as shown above,

Psalm 94 closes out the preface.

 

____________________________________________________________

 

THE TERM LECTIO DIVINA MEANS DIVINE READING OR LESSON AND REFERS TO THE

PRACTICE OF DAILY PRAYING THE SCRIPTURES. THIS IS THE FORMAT USED BY THE

PROPHET DANIEL, CHRIST HIMSELF, THE APOSTLES AND THE EARLY CHURCH.

DANIEL DIVIDED THIS UP INTO THREE MOMENTS OF PRAYER EACH DAY.  YOU

DIVIDE THIS UP INTO THREE CHAPTERS IN THE MORNING, ONE CHAPTER IN THE

AFTERNOON AND THREE CHAPTERS IN THE EVENING.

 

ESTABLISHED IN THE OLD TESTAMENT ERA, TERTULLIAN IN THE SECOND

 

CENTURY CALLS THIS PRAYER FORMAT A GIFT FROM THE ANCIENTS.

 

__________________________________________________________________

 

THEN FOLLOWS THE FIRST STANZA FROM PSALM 118 FOLLOWED BY ONE CHAPTER

FROM THE BOOK OF PROVERBS.  THE FIRST STANZA IS REPEATED EACH DAY AS A

PREFACE TO THE CURRENT READING FROM PROVERBS. THE CHAPTER OF PROVERBS

FOR THE DAY CORRESPONDS WITH THE DATE OF THE MONTH.  (EX: ON THE 3RD

 OF EACH MONTH YOU PRAY THE 3RD CHAPTER AND ON THE 28TH OF EACH

MONTH YOU PRAY THE 28TH CHAPTER ETC.) THE DATE OF THE MONTH DETERMINES

THE APPROPRIATE CHAPTER FROM PROVERBS.

 

THE GOAL IS SEVEN CHAPTERS FROM THE NEW TESTAMENT ONE DAY, SEVEN

CHAPTERS FROM THE EPISTLES THE NEXT DAY AND SEVEN CHAPTERS FROM THE OLD

TESTAMENT ON THE THIRD DAY.  EACH CHAPTER FROM THE SCRIPTURES IS

PREFACED BY ONE STANZA FROM PSALM 118.  EACH STANZA OF PSALM 118 ENDS

WITH “HOLY GOD, MIGHTY GOD, GOD IMMORTAL HAVE MERCY ON US” AND THEN THE

READING.  AFTER THE READING FOLLOWS ONE PENITENTIAL PSALM.  THE

PENITENTIAL PSALM IS READ IMMEDIATELY AFTER THE READING AND BEFORE THE

NEXT STANZA FROM PSALM 118.  THERE ARE SEVEN PENITENTIAL PSALMS AND YOU

WILL HAVE PRAYED ONE OF THE PENITENTIAL PSALMS AFTER EACH ONE OF THE

SEVEN READINGS FROM SCRIPTURE.  ***  (Note: The prayer said at the end of each Psalm, Holy God, mighty God etc  is prayed after you repeat the first line of the Psalm, or part thereof.

The various sections of Psalm 118 are treated as if they were a separate Psalm)

 

*PENITENTIAL PSALMS*

 

http://www.celticorthodoxchurch.com/psalms.html

 

HISTORY OF THE CELTIC ORTHODOX BENEDICTINE FATHERS

 

http://www.celticorthodoxchurch.com/two.html

 

      _______________________________________________________________________________

 

INTRODUCTION TO BIBLICAL ORTHODOXY

http://www.celticorthodoxchurch.com/intro.html

 

MEET OUR MASCOT – MISS MAGGI

http://www.celticorthodoxchurch.com/maggi.jpg

 

MEET OUR PASTOR – BISHOP BRIAN KENNEDY, O.S.B.

http://www.celticorthodoxchurch.com/bpkennedy.jpg

 

BABYLON THE GREAT & THE CALIPH ANTI-CHRIST

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uY20IFaWlsQ&feature=youtu.be

 

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT THE CELTIC ORTHODOX CHURCH

http://www.celticorthodoxchurch.com/because_you_asked.html

____________________________________________________________________________________________________ 

     

 DIVORCE AND REMARRIAGE IN TRADITIONAL BIBLICAL ORTHODOXY

 

 

      THE PATH OF TRUE ORTHODOXY AS RECEIVED

      FROM JESUS CHRIST THROUGH THE APOSTLES

 

   DIVORCE AND REMARRIAGE IS LICENSED ADULTERY

AS A SAME SEX MARRIAGE IS LICENSED SODOMY.

 

BY:  BISHOP +BRIAN J. KENNEDY, O.S.B.

 

“FOR I HATE DIVORCE SAYS THE LORD

THE GOD OF ISRAEL” (Malachi 2:16)

 

 

I am well aware some of the Ethnic Orthodox groups and some churches in the Orthodox and Catholic Tradition allow for remarriage if the marriage ends in divorce due to adultery of one of the parties to the marriage.

 

There has been a propensity toward this error in the East almost from the beginning, however we maintain the position of the Apostolic Church on this serious issue.

 

Those error who state divorce and remarriage are permitted on grounds of adultery and immorality.  Even the Orthodox Study Bible clearly states in the comment on 1 Cor 7: 11, that when divorce takes place the only two options for the individuals is to remain single or reconcile.  Sadly, most supposed Orthodox Jurisdictions disregard this teaching and allow adultery by allowing a  second or third marriage.  Again the Orthodox Study Bible commenting on Malachi 2:16 correctly states God hates divorce.  Sadly, knowing this truth does not stop the Eastern “Orthodox” Church from allowing adultery and calling it ‘blessed’ of God.

__________________________________________________________

The note in the Orthodox Study Bible for Proverbs 22 is a quote from St. Vincent Lerins,
"I cannot sufficiently wonder at the madness of certain men,

at the impiety of their blinded understanding,

at their lust of error,

such that, not content with the rule of faith delivers once for all,

and received from the times of old,

they are every day seeking one novelty after another,

 and are constantly longing to add, change, and take away, in religion."

 

Those who remove the “ancient landmark” mentioned in Proverbs 22 by allowing for divorce and remarriage have abandoned the faith as once delivered to the Saints.  These errant churchmen do battle against the Scriptures, the teaching of the ancient Fathers of the church mentioned below and have made themselves traitors to Holy Orthodoxy.

____________________________________________________________

The word for *immorality* (used in Mt. 5:32 and 19:9), PORNEIA, does not mean adultery.  If Jesus wanted to say that there is an exception for adultery He would have used the word adultery (MOCHEUO). Instead, He used the word PORNEIA which has various meanings in various circumstances but never the word adultery. Most generally the term is used to denote a marriage which is invalid because of the close blood ties of the two attempting the marriage; incest. 

 

Evidence of this is given at the Council of Jerusalem in Acts 15.  This deals with a decision of the Council not to make the ceremonial laws binding for Gentile converts except for four requirements. One of these requirements is 'impurity'(porneia). To understand the meaning in Acts 15 we should draw upon the context provided by Leviticus 17 and 18 which condemn incestuous unions.  Porneia in Acts 15 is used specifically to forbid incestuous marriages.

 

In 1 Cor. 5:1 Paul in talking about the immorality going on between a son and his mother, used the word porneia.  This is what the Apostles understood.  That is the only grounds for a break up of a marriage. It was never a valid marriage in the first place.  

 

The Early Church Fathers taught that a legitimate marriage lasted to death. And if separation became necessary a person was to remain single as long as the former spouse was alive.

 

Hermas

What then shall the husband do, if the wife continue in this disposition [adultery]? Let him divorce her, and let the husband remain single. But if he divorces his wife and marries another, he too commits adultery (Shepherd 4:1:6 [A.D. 80]).

 

Justin Martyr

In regard to chastity, [Jesus] has this to say: If anyone look with lust at a woman, he has already before God committed adultery in his heart. "And, whoever marries a woman who has been divorced from another husband, commits adultery." According to our Teacher, just as they are sinners who contract a second marriage, even though it be in accord with human law, so also are they sinners who look with lustful desire at a woman. He repudiates not only one who actually commits adultery, but even one who wishes to do so; for not only our actions are manifest to God, but even our thoughts (First Apology 15 [A.D. 151]).

 

Clement of Alexandria

That Scripture counsels marriage, however, and never allows any release from the union is expressly contained in the law: "You shall not divorce a wife, except for reason of immorality." And it regards as adultery the marriage of a spouse, while the one from whom a separation was made is still alive. "Whoever takes a divorced woman as wife commits adultery," it says: "for if anyone divorces his wife, he debauches her"; that is, he compels her to commit adultery. And not only does he that divorces her become the cause of this, but also he that takes the woman and gives her the opportunity of sinning; for if he did not take her, she would return to her husband (Miscellanies 2:23:145:3 [A.D. 208]).

 

Origen

Just as a woman is an adulteress, even though she seems to be married to a man, while a former husband yet lives, so also the man who seems to marry her [and] who has been divorced does not marry her, but, according to the declaration of our Savior, he commits adultery with her (Commentaries on Matthew 14:24 [A.D. 248]).

 

Council of Elvira

Likewise, a woman of the faith [i.e., a baptized person] who has left an adulterous husband of the faith and marries another, her marrying in this manner is prohibited. If she has so married, she may not at any more receive communion - unless he that she has left has since departed from this world (canon 9 [A.D. 324]).

 

If she whom a catechumen [an unbaptized person studying the faith] has left shall have married a husband, she is able to be admitted to the fountain of baptism. This shall also be observed in the instance where it is the woman who is the catechumen. But if a woman of the faithful is taken in marriage by a man who left an innocent wife, and if she knew that he had a wife whom he had left without cause, it is determined that Communion is not to be given to her even at death (canon 10).

 

Ambrose of Milan

No one is permitted to know a woman other than his wife. The marital right is given you for this reason: lest you fall into the snare and sin with a strange woman. "If you are bound to a wife, do not seek a divorce"; for you are not permitted, while your wife lives, to marry another (Abraham 1:7:59 [A.D. 387]).

 

Jerome

You dismiss your wife, therefore, as if by right and without being charged with wrong doing and you suppose it is proper for you to do so because no human law forbids it; but divine law forbids it. Anyone who obeys men ought to stand in awe of God. Hear the law of the Lord, which even they who propose our laws must obey: "What God has joined together let no man put asunder" (Commentary on Luke 8:5 [A.D. 396]).

 

Jerome

Wherever there is fornication and a suspicion of fornication a wife is freely dismissed. Because it is always possible that someone may calumniate the innocent and, for the sake of a second joining in marriage, act in criminal fashion against the first, it is commanded that when the first wife is dismissed a second may not be taken while the first lives (Commentaries on Matthew 3:19:9 [A.D. 398]).

 

Pope Innocent I

[T]he practice is observed by all of regarding as an adulteress a woman who marries a second time while her husband yet lives, and permission to do penance is not granted her until one of them is dead (Letters 2:13:15 [A.D. 408]).

 

Augustine

Neither can it rightly be held that a husband who dismisses his wife because of fornication and marries another does not commit adultery. For there is also adultery on the part of those who, after the repudiation of their former wives because of fornication, marry others. This adultery, nevertheless, is certainly less serious than that of men who dismiss their wives for reasons other than fornication and take other wives. Therefore, when we say; "Whoever marries a woman dismissed by her husband for reason other than fornication commits adultery," undoubtedly we speak the truth. But we do not thereby acquit of this crime the man who marries a woman who was dismissed because of fornication. We do not doubt in the least that both are adulterers. We do indeed pronounce him an adulterer who dismissed his wife for cause other than fornication and marries another, nor do we thereby defend from the taint of this sin the man who dismissed his wife because of fornication and marries another. We recognize that both are adulterers, though the sin of one is graver than that of the other. No one is so unreasonable to say that a man who marries a woman whose husband has dismissed her because of fornication is not an adulterer, while maintaining that a man who marries a woman dismissed without the ground of fornication is an adulterer. Both of these men are guilty of adultery (Adulterous Marriages 1:9:9 [A.D. 419]).

 

Now that the Scripture counsels marriage, and allows no release from the union, is expressly contained in the law, 'Thou shalt not put away thy wife, except for the cause of fornication;' and it regards as fornication, the marriage of those separated while the other is alive. Not to deck and adorn herself beyond what is becoming, renders a wife free of calumnious suspicion while she devotes herself assiduously to prayers and supplications; avoiding frequent departures from the house, and shutting herself up as far as possible from the view of all not related to her, and deeming housekeeping of more consequence than impertinent trifling. 'He that taketh a woman that has been put away,' it is said, 'committeth adultery; and if one puts away his wife, he makes her an adulteress,' that is, compels her to commit adultery. And not only is he who puts her away guilty of this, but he who takes her, by giving to the woman the opportunity of sinning; for did he not take her, she would return to her husband." Clement of Alexandria, Stromata, 2:24 (A.D. 202).

 

"Then, describing what ought to be in the case of those who are joined together by God, so that they may be joined together in a manner worthy of God, the Saviour adds, 'So that they are no more twain;' and, wherever there is indeed concord, and unison, and harmony, between husband and wife, when he is as ruler and she is obedient to the word, 'He shall rule over thee,' then of such persons we may truly say, 'They are no more twain.' Then since it was necessary that for 'him who was joined to the Lord,' it should be reserved 'that he should become one spirit with Him,' in the case of those who are joined together by God, after the words, 'So that they are no more twain,' it is said, 'but one flesh.' And it is God who has joined together the two in one so that they are no more twain, from the time that the woman is married to the man. And, since God has joined them together, on this account in the case of those who are joined together by God, there is a 'gift'; and Paul knowing this, that marriage according to the Word of God was a 'gift,' like as holy celibacy was a gift, says, 'But I would that all men were like myself; howbeit, each man hath his own gift from God, one after this manner, and another after that.' And those who are joined together by God both mind and keep the precept, 'Husbands love your wives, as Christ also the church.' The Saviour then commanded, 'What God hath joined together, let not man put asunder,' but man wishes to put asunder what God hath joined together, when, "falling away from the sound faith, giving heed to seducing spirits and doctrines of demons, through the hypocrisy of men that speak lies, branded in their own conscience as with a hot iron, forbidding," not only to commit fornication, but 'to marry,' he dissolves even those who had been before joined together by the providence of God. Let these things then be said, keeping in view what is expressly said concerning the male and the female, and the man and the woman, as the Saviour taught in the answer to the Pharisees." Origen, Commentary on Matthew, 14:16( post A.D. 244).

 

"'What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.' See a teacher's wisdom. I mean, that being asked, Is it lawful? He did not at once say, It is not lawful, lest they should be disturbed and put in disorder, but before the decision by His argument He rendered this manifest, showing that it is itself too the commandment of His Father, and that not in opposition to Moses did He enjoin these things, but in full agreement with him. But mark Him arguing strongly not from the creation only, but also from His command. For He said not, that He made one man and one woman only, but that He also gave this command that the one man should be joined to the one woman. But if it had been His will that he should put this one away, and bring in another, when He had made one man, He would have formed many Women. But now both by the manner of the creation, and by the manner of lawgiving, He showed that one man must dwell with one woman continually, and never break off from her." John Chrysostom, On Matthew 62:1 (A.D. 370).

 

"There is hardly anything more deadly than being married to one who is a stranger to the faith ,where the passions of lust and dissension and the evils of sacrilege are inflamed. Since the marriage ceremony ought to be sanctified by the priestly veiling and blessing, how can that be called a marriage ceremony where there is no agreement in faith?" Ambrose, To Vigilius, Letter 19:7 (A.D. 385).

 

Jesus revealed that Moses allowed divorce in Deuteronomy 24:1-4 as a temporary provision because of the "hardness of their hearts" (Matthew 19:7-9). But Jesus restored God's original plan of indissoluble marriage (Matthew 19:3-9); therefore, Traditional Orthodoxy continues to teach that a valid marriage between a baptized man and baptized woman cannot be dissolved for any reason except death. It can't be ended by a civil divorce.

 

Matthew 19:4-6, 9 - "the two shall become one flesh ... what God has joined together, no human being must separate" ... to divorce a wife and to remarry is adultery

 

Mark 10:9 - "what God has joined together, no human being must separate"

 

Mark 10:11-12 - if either man or woman divorces and remarries they commit adultery

 

1 Corinthians 7:10-11 - a wife must not be separated from her husband or if she has already left him, she must remain unmarried or else be reconciled to her husband and a husband must not divorce his wife.

 

Matthew 5:31-32 - (Divorce causes adultery; those who marry divorce women commit adultery)

 

Mark 10:11-12 - "Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery"

 

Luke 16:18 - Everyone who divorces his wife and marries another is guilty of adultery, and the man who marries a woman divorced by her husband commits adultery.

 

Romans 7:2-3 - A married woman, for instance, is bound to her husband by law, as long as he lives, but when her husband dies all her legal obligation to him as husband is ended. So if she were to have relations with another man while her husband was still alive, she would be termed an adulteress; but if her husband dies, her legal obligation comes to an end and if she then has relations with another man, that does not make her an adulteress

 

THE FAMILY THAT PRAYS TOGETHER, STAYS TOGETHER

 

BIBLICAL ORTHODOX TEACHING ON CONTRACEPTION

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WE SHOULD NOT BE SURPRISED THAT NEO ORTHODOXY

ALLOWS FOR MULTIPLE MARRIAGES AND DIVORCES

FOR “PASTORAL REASONS”.  NEO ORTHODOXY WAS

BORN IN HERESY AND HAS REMAINED IN HERESY

FROM THE BEGINNING.  I ASK, IF IT IS PERMITTED TO

VIOLATE SCRIPTURE FOR “PASTORAL REASONS”

IN THE MATTER OF DIVORCE AND REMARRIAGE, WHY NOT

ALLOW HOMOSEXUALITY AND SODOMY FOR

THE SAME “PASTORAL REASONS”?

SEE: http://www.celticorthodoxchurch.com/faq.html

 

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